Stem cell therapy: latest breakthroughs

Spinal cord injury stem cell therapy is highly effective

A group of scientists headed by from California University specialists appeared to be the first one to prove that transplantation of stem cells in the spinal cord a highly effective injury treatment. It helps to regenerate neurons and provide for better functionality and mobility.

All test cells transplantations show that stem cells actively regenerate in the damaged area and gill in the raptures in the neural tissue, caused by the spinal cord injury.

As a result the transplanted cells both stimulate regeneration of recipient’s own cells and partially replace the lost neurons.

Stem cell therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Stem cells are able to renew damaged organs and tissues. This fact allows the scientists to suggest 3 basic theories as to the stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis.

  • Stem cells can develop into neurons (brain and spinal cord cells, which get damaged by MS).

  • Stem cells can differentiate into oligodendrocytes and renew damaged myelin.

  • Stem cells are able to modulate immune system to prevent autoimmune processes in MS.

Cancer stem cell therapy

For quite a long time treatments with adult stem cells have been successfully applied to leukemia treatment and related to it blood and bone cancer types. Such treatment is performed by means of bone marrow transplants.

Ironically, the research works conducted in this area, intended to find the most progressive cure from cancer have lead to a controversial issue. Stem cells transplantations may cause the opposite effect and lead to cancer. However it is early to make such conclusions, as more substantial researches are needed in this field.